Create New She will have you bewitched with her looks. This is what the Cute Witch often grows up to beif she grows upand if she doesn't lose her powers at a certain age.
It constitutes the staple diet of many of the Asian and African countries. The origin of this wonderful crop and its cultivation history has been a constant theme of search and re-search for not only historians, Plant Scientists but also for sociologists, anthropologists, and other students of cultural studies.
Instead of picking up that trend why Sanskrit accepted vrihi as the word to denote rice is really a baffling question. The time, being taken for deciphering the origin of vrihi has made it a historical conundrum.
Indian scholars claimed An amply representation of survival elements the word for rice in western languages had a Dravidian root and that ris, riz, arroz, rice, oruza, and arrazz all came from arisi Pankar and Gowda Arisi is the oldest and stable food of Tamils. The vast quantities of gold and silver coins struck by Roman emperors up to Nero 54—68CE found all over Tamil Nadu testify the extent of the trade, the presence of Roman settlers in the Tamil country.
Arisi root word ari-arisu-arici-ori-orizu-rice. The trade route taken by ships from Rome to Tamilakam had been described in detail by writers such as Strabo and Pliny, the Elder.
The imports were mostly luxury items such as glass, gold and wine. In tracing its evolution, the main reliance will be placed on linguistic and literary evidences. Porundal is a traditional paddy cultivated area and the encouraging roots of Indus-valley civilization of Dravidian origin by Dr.
The ancient plant science and paddy diversity and processing knowledge adds strength to the evidences. It was a tall, strong stalked wild species of rice or putative parent of rice.
For instance, Poem no. The base of Rice history and cultural evidences years old understanding of genetics and taxonomy of ancient Tamils Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical language and existing for over years in the world.
Tamil language is the "most natural" iyal-mozhi and also a proto-world language, being the oldest tol- mozhi language of the world, from which all other major languages of the world are derived. Sangam was the ancient academy, which enabled Tamil poets and authors to gather periodically to publish their work.
Their knowledge on universe, nature, environment, plants, animals and human beings, genetics, classification was magnum opus. Tholkappiyam is written by Tholkappiyar, a great grammarian of the Sangam age. Tholkappiyam is the foremost and the best grammar book of the Tamil literature.
It is written in the form of noorpa or short formulaic compositions and comprises three major chapters. According to recent studies of Prof. Nedunchelian, Tholkappiyam was written in B. C,5 but commonly accepted dating is B.
Tholkappiyam deals with orthography, phonology, morphology, semantics, prosody and other subject matter of literature, grammar and biological sciences. As we already know, the first and foremost taxonomy and genetics based research findings in written form is on Greek and Latin language around second century.
As per the available search during the research on Tholkappiyam, scholars find Tholkappiyar is the first genetic and botanical scientist in the world. An unknown interesting fact is that, Tholkaapiyar whose period falls far behind BC, had classified plants, animals and human beings based on their characteristics in his book.
Here we can view some of his years old conclusions. Being treated as a grammar book in Tamil language, the importance and the contents are ignored even by the Tamil scholars and it never come into the lime light of the world.
While having a conversing with Prof. He classified human, animals and plants on the basis of their sense and characteristics. This is much ahead of J.
Bose and other scientists and researches. Poem — It signifies his understanding on leaves, flowers fruits, and its characters. It is very much clear that the ancient Tamil people had vast knowledge in plant science and other related sciences. Our further discussion will strengthen this arguments.
Below Tamil Sangam poems explain the ancient understanding on Paddy and its utilization as food and other medical purposes.
The poems given below are taken from Sangam literature.The Three Elements of Aggression: Human Survival Potential, Norms, and Provocation Raphael Steinitz and Shimona Goldman ABSTRACT Adapting sociobiological concepts to human behavior, we define the new concept of Human Survival Potential.
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SUMMARY. Abbreviations Extracts from the address of His Holiness Pope John Paul II Decree *** INTRODUCTION (). Nature and Structure (4) Those to whom the Directory is addressed (5). A. Introduction.
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and provides a better visual representation of statistical signiﬁcance. 1. Introduction and motivation Survival curves—depicting the fraction of patients who have not “failed” (however de-ﬁned) for a given time since an initial event—are ubiquitous in medical research. That there.