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Campaign strategy[ edit ] The British had identified the importance of Germany's fuel supplies before the war in their "Western Air Plan 5 c ". At the start of June, oil targets were made a priority of night bombing with attacks on other war industry to be made on dark nights when the oil targets could not be located but with the proviso that "indiscriminate action" should be avoided.
On 20 June oil targets were made third priority below the German aircraft industry and lines of communication between Germany and the armies at the front. Following a brief period when German shipping was given priority, oil targets were made secondary priority in mid July under a policy of concentrated attack with five oil refineries listed for attention.
Priority fell with the need for attacks on German V-weapon targets " Operation Crossbow " in France and then the attacks on lines of communication in preparation for the invasion of France described as the " Transportation Plan ".
The plan proposed attacking "fourteen synthetic plants and thirteen refineries" of Nazi Germany. The damage caused by the May 12 and 28  trial bombings of oil targets, as well as the confirmation of the oil facilities' importance and vulnerability from Ultra intercepts and other intelligence reports, would result in the oil targets becoming the highest priority on September 3, Harris agreed to divert spare effort to oil targets.
They were deemed to be of such importance that one raid was staged that consisted only of bomb carrying fighters, to rest the bomber crews and surprise the defenders. Even with the weather limitations: To prevent oil supplies from Romania reaching Germany, the RAF had extended its aerial mining activities to the Danube.
Post-war[ edit ] Despite the RAF and Harris claims regarding the great importance of oil targets, Harris had opposed assigning the highest priority to oil targets  but acknowledged post-war that the campaign was "a complete success" with the qualifier: The oil campaign was the first to accomplish these goals.
And in its analysis of strategic bombing as a whole the USSBS identified the consequences of the breakdown of transportation resulting from attacks against transportation targets as "probably greater than any other single factor" in the final collapse of the German economy.
Figures are for the oil campaign in the last year of the war.Global Bunker Oil Market Market - World Bunker Oil Market Market Size, Trends, Analysis And Segment Forecasts To - Bunker Oil Market Industry Research, Outlook, Application, Product, Share, Growth, Key Opportunities, Dynamics, Analysis, Bunker Oil Market Report - Grand View Research, Inc.
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The Allied oil campaign of World War II: 11 was directed by the RAF and USAAF against facilities supplying Nazi Germany with petroleum, oil, and lubrication (POL) products. Part of the immense Allied strategic bombing effort during the war, the targets in Germany and "Axis Europe" included refineries for natural oil, factories producing synthetic fuel, storage depots, and other POL.
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