WHO Report on Global Surveillance of Epidemic-prone Infectious Diseases - Introduction Why infectious diseases are still a problem and surveillance is still required In the s many experts thought that the fight against infectious diseases was over.
Hide The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located near the middle of the back, just below the rib cage.
When blood flows through the kidneys, waste products and excess water are removed from the blood and sent to the bladder as urine. The kidneys also regulate blood pressure, balance chemicals like sodium and potassium, and make hormones to help bones grow and keep the blood healthy by making new red blood cells.
Show Kidney failure may be acute or chronic. Acute diseases develop quickly and can be very serious. Although an acute disease may have long-lasting consequences, it usually lasts for only a short time and then goes away once the underlying cause has been treated. Chronic diseases, however, do not go away and tend to worsen over time.
When the kidneys stop working, doctors use a treatment called dialysis to remove waste products and extra water from patients with chronic kidney failure. Show Acute kidney disease may result from an injury, poisoning, or other temporary illness that affects the kidneys. Any injury that results in loss of blood may reduce kidney function temporarily, but once the blood supply is replenished, the kidneys usually return to normal.
Other kinds of acute kidney disease in children include Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome and Nephrotic Syndrome. Show Unfortunately, the conditions that lead to chronic kidney failure in children cannot be easily fixed.
Often, the condition will develop so slowly that it goes unnoticed until the kidneys have been permanently damaged. Treatment may slow down the progression of some diseases, but in many cases the child will eventually need dialysis or transplantation.
Causes of chronic kidney diseases include: Birth defects Blocked urine flow and reflux Hereditary diseases Systemic diseases.Effects on Lung Disease.
While vaping may help individuals quit smoking, once someone develops chronic lung disease such as COPD, emphysema or interstitial lung disease, inhaling anything other than clean air can lead to an exacerbation of lung disease.
Abstract: The rapidly aging population desperately requires new therapies for Alzheimer’s disease. Despite years of pharmaceutical research, limited clinical success has been realized, with several failed disease modification therapies in recent years.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine. Classic symptoms include gastrointestinal problems such as chronic diarrhoea, abdominal distention, malabsorption, loss of appetite and among children failure to grow normally.
2 Introduction to Special Issue on the Neurobiology of Depression 3 4 As cogently described in the articles in this special issue, major de-5 pression is a highly prevalent and frequently debilitating psychiatric 6 disorder. For example, data from the Third National Health and Nutri-7 tion Examination Survey (NHANES III, –) (Jonas et. Since individual serotypes have different propensities for causing invasive disease, we aimed to describe the clinical presentation, comorbidity prevalence, serotype distribution and outcomes of IPD in children 3–59 months of age during the first 6 years after PCV13 introduction in England and Wales. (English/French) Seasonal influenza is an acute viral disease of the respiratory tract transmitted via aerosols or contaminated surfaces from infected people. This course provides a general introduction to the disease and is intended for personnel involved in seasonal influenza outbreak preparedness and .
In the s many experts thought that the fight against infectious diseases was over. In fact, in , the Surgeon-General of the United States of America indicated that it was "time to close the book on infectious diseases, declare the war against pestilence won, and shift national resources to such chronic problems as cancer and heart disease".
Another issue that disproportionately impacts children is anemia, which is a shortage of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood. This condition causes tiredness in most, but can cause damage to the organs and in rare cases death.
• What genetic diseases or problems were determined to be potential issues? • Provide an introduction of the disease, outlining the major signs/symptoms of the disorder and the reason why this was selected as a genetic/inherited disease?