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This results in several hallmark characteristics and acute cognitive affects. Some of the physical traits associated with the syndrome are a small body, especially head and ears, hypotonia, hands that are broad and short, epicanthal folds, abnormalities of the ear, and nasal bridges that are flat in shape.
There are also several orofacial characteristics such as a protruding tongue that occurs as a secondary characteristic to having a small and narrow palate Saenz.
These are just some of the physical characteristics commonly seen in the chromosomal condition, but the actual presentation of physical characteristics is highly individualized.
There is a slightly higher incidence of Down Syndrome in boys than girls. Infants are often diagnosed at birth by the occurrence of physical characteristics, but the actual expression of Down Syndrome varies considerably, and the diagnosis may be delayed if too much importance is put on only the typical physical characteristics.
The first physical characteristic of the chromosomal condition that is noticeable is often the presentation of hypotonia, the prescence of which should inspire concern and spur subsequent and swift assessment. Down Syndrome is, in most cases, not an inherited condition. Down Syndrome may be caused by Trisomy 21, which refers to the condition of having a an extra copy of chromosone 21, meaning three copies, instead of two, in each cell.
Likewise, Mosaic Down Syndrome is not an inherited condition. It happens in the early development stages of a fetus as a random occurrence in cell division, resulting in some cells having the normal duo of chromosome 21 copies, while some cells have three copies.
In the third case, Translocation Down Syndrome, the condition may be inherited. The carriers of this balanced translocation do not display signs of Down Syndrome, but they have a higher risk of giving birth to children with the chromosomal condition.
Despite these impairments many individuals are characterized as being generally pleasant, affectionate and happy people.
In respect to their receptive language, children diagnosed with Down Syndrome often have language comprehension that is about the same as their mental age.
Note, that this is often different from their chronological age. As a general rule, their aptitude for language comprehension is greater than their aptitude for expressive language, specifically speech. It is important to note that these children frequently exhibit comparatively good development of language in their infancy and toddler stages, this is particularly true when the children are enrolled in early-intervention After this period of time, however, in the first school years the rate of language development noticeably slows down.
In terms of general diagnostic testing, it is recommended by The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group that babies diagnosed with Down Syndrome should have audiologic testing directly after the are born and then again every six months until the child is three, or until they can sit for an audiogram with ear specific testing.
After this point, there should be an annual hearing test, and even if there is only a mild hearing loss, hearing aids should be considered. The tests should change with their development.
Newborns who have been diagnosed with the syndrome receive the mandatory hearing screening and receive objective tests like otoacoustic emissions or auditory brainstem response like other babies. Those who fail the screening should be tested with visual reinforcement audiometry at the devlopmental age not chronological age of ten months and conditional play audiometry when they reach the developmental age of two years.Peer Partner Final Project Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition in which an individual possesses extra genetic material, specifically an extra complete or partial duplicate of chromosome 21 in some or all of an individuals cells.
This results in several hallmark characteristics and acute cognitive affects. Some of the physical traits associated with the syndrome [ ].
Essay/Term paper: Down syndrome: an informative essay Essay, term paper, research paper: Science Reports. See all college papers and term papers on Science Reports.
Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. Jan 07, · Down Syndrome is the most common genetic condition in the United States, affecting one in every births (National Down Syndrome Society, ).
It is also the most common cause of learning disabilities in children (Mayo Clinic Staff, n.d.). Down Syndrome Essay Words | 5 Pages. Down syndrome is a birth defect caused by a genetic disorder that affects , people in the United States.
It is caused by abnormalities in the genes and is not inherited, meaning that parents do not pass this onto their children. Genetics is the study of heredity or how certain traits are passed. Down Syndrome Essay Down Syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality and probably the most common genetic condition, occurs in approximately one in every eight hundred to one thousand live births or accounts for approximately per cent of intellectual retardation.
Although, most students with. Free Down Syndrome papers, essays, and research papers. My Account. Your search returned over essays for "Down Syndrome" 1 2 3 There are also some health concerns that you need to worry about.
In this essay I will give you a clearer understanding of what Downs syndrome is, and what it means to have Downs. Down syndrome can be caused for.