Mending Wall by Robert Frost Mending Wall by Robert Frost In his poem 'Mending Wall', Robert Frost presents to us the thoughts of barriers linking people, communication, friendship and the sense of security people gain from barriers. His messages are conveyed using poetic techniques such as imagery, structure and humor, revealing a complex side of the poem as well as achieving an overall light-hearted effect.
From his front porch in this village at the edge of Indian- held Kashmir, Muhammad Sharif looks out, as he always has, on the steep and lovely hills of Pakistan- held Kashmir. He sees, like a reflection, the faint outline of Rehmand, the village opposite, where he presumes people speak the same language, practice the same religion, eat the same foods, although, never having met them, he cannot say for sure.
But these days, Mr. Sharif, a year-old farmer and father of six, sees something else as well. Up the hillside on the Indian side of the cease-fire line a mile narrow swath of territory known as the Line of Control, which divides the two Kashmir's there snakes a new manifestation of that division.
It is a fence, meant to keep at bay infiltrators from Pakistan who is seeking to separate India's portion of Kashmir from India. India has been building the fence for about a year, and it is largely completed.
It follows the construction of a less politically delicate fence along the India- Pakistan border. It has the symbolic potential, in some eyes, to make the cease-fire line more like an international border, as India desires. The cease-fire line took its present format at the end of the last of three wars between India and Pakistan.
The conflict dates to the partitioning of India and Pakistan in into predominantly Hindu and Muslim states. At the time, Kashmir's maharaja, a Hindu, joined the fortunes of his Muslim-majority state to India.
Pakistan invaded in and took part of Kashmir and has contended ever since that all of Kashmir has a right to self-determination. Kashmir's from the Indian side crossed the other way, for training, then returned. The line runs along beautiful but rugged territory over three mountain ranges that rise to 17, feet with deep gorges in between.
Passes through the peaks and folds of the mountains have enabled thousands of hardy militants to cross back and forth across the line. Now, crossing - in or out - is that much harder. The fence is similar to the barrier being built by the Israelis to control the infiltration of militant Palestinians.
But the Indian fence has received far less international scrutiny than the Israeli barrier and surprisingly muted opposition from the Pakistanis. Last November, a cease-fire was negotiated between the Indian and Pakistani armies, which regularly shelled each other and civilians living in between.
Pervez Musharraf, knew that it would when he agreed to the cease-fire. In January, Pakistan agreed not to allow its soil to be used for terrorist attacks against India. One theory for Pakistan's low-key response is that the fence will make it easier for the country to better control militant groups.
Constructed on almost vertical mountainsides - here at an 80 degree angle - the fence is an engineering feat. Until the cease-fire, much of the construction was done at night to avoid the shelling.
The fence, which breaks only in deference to unconquerable terrain, stands about 12 feet high and is about 12 feet wide. Coils of concertina wire are layered between rows of pickets. Sharp-edged metal tape and, in places, electrification make crossing even harder.
So do the soldiers standing guard. Sinha, a former army vice chief of staff.
The fence is part of a larger effort by India to buttress its defenses and uses equipment acquired from Israel, France and the United States, including motion sensors, thermal imaging devices and night- vision equipment. It also has allowed the parceling of the cease-fire zone into a grid system so that officers can be held accountable for movement in designated areas.Another example of repetition is the statement “good fences make good neighbours”.
This reflects back to and accentuates the idea and opinion that although people can be good friends, there will always be a barrier standing between them, acting as a boundary that separates their social relations from their personal privacy, ‘walling in.
"Good fences make good neighbors." As the man tells his story, we find that even though the two men may be conversing and interacting, there is some distance between them at all times.
The man says;.
Good fences make good neighbors” according to him suggests that the wall symbolizes nothing else but “something” that does only serve as a barrier but also as a common wall for them to celebrate friendship and companionship.
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The neighbors . So he questions his neighbour’s motto: why do good fences make good neighbours? He uses the most elementary of examples: if you had cows you would of course want to wall them in and stop them from roaming into others’ properties.