New communication and information technology

A canvassing of 2, experts and technology builders about where we will stand by the year finds striking patterns in their predictions.

New communication and information technology

Social Isolation and New Technology Overview This report adds new insights to an ongoing debate about the extent of social isolation in America. A widely-reported study argued that since Americans have become more socially isolated, the size of their discussion networks has declined, and the diversity of those people with whom they discuss important matters has decreased.

In particular, the study found that Americans have fewer close ties to those from their neighborhoods and from voluntary associations. Sociologists Miller McPherson, Lynn Smith-Lovin and Matthew Brashears suggest that new technologies, such as the internet and mobile phone, may play a role in advancing this trend.

They depicted the rise of internet and mobile phones as one of the major trends that pulls people away from traditional social settings, neighborhoods, voluntary associations, and public spaces that have been associated with large and diverse core networks.

The survey results reported here were undertaken to explore issues that have not been probed directly in that study and other related research on social isolation: This Pew Internet Personal Networks and Community survey finds that Americans are not as isolated as has been previously reported.

But we face a challenge. And those with more formal education are also more likely to use technology. To deal with this challenge, we use a statistical technique called regression analysis, which allows us to examine the relationship between technology use and network size while holding constant other factors such as education, age or gender.

Thus, most of the results reported here are not shown as simple comparisons of the behavior of groups on our key measures, which is the typical approach of Pew Internet reports. Rather, the findings compare the social networks of people who use certain technologies with demographically similar people who do not use the technologies.

For example, we use regression analysis to compare the average size of the social network of a New communication and information technology typical American who uses the internet and has a cell phone with an American who shares the same demographic characteristics but does not use the internet or a cell phone.

How Has Technology Changed Communication?

Another common type of analysis in the report estimates how much more likely a certain outcome is such as having at least one person of a different race or ethnic group in a social network for people who use certain technology compared with people who do not, all other things being equal.

For example, holding demographic characteristics constant, the regression analysis finds that a person who blogs is nearly twice as likely as a demographically similar person e. As with all studies that use data collected at only one point in time, none of the results we report should be interpreted as explanations of cause and effect.

We cannot say from these findings that internet and mobile-phone use cause people to have bigger, more diverse networks. We can and do say that technology use is often strongly associated with larger and more diverse social networks.

Are Americans more socially isolated? Our survey results challenge the finding that an increasing number of Americans have no one with whom they can discuss important matters. However, our findings support existing research that suggests that the average size and diversity of core discussion networks have declined.

Compared tothere has been small-to-modest change, rather than a large drop in the number of people who report that they have no one with whom they can discuss important matters.

Few Americans are truly socially isolated. The diversity of core discussion networks has markedly declined; discussion networks are less likely to contain non-kin — that is, people who are not relatives by blood or marriage; although the decline is not as steep as has been previously reported.

Is internet or mobile phone use related to smaller or less diverse core networks? We found that ownership of a mobile phone and participation in a variety of internet activities were associated with larger and more diverse core discussion networks: Larger core discussion networks are associated with owning a cell phone, and use of the internet for sharing digital photos and instant messaging.

Mobile phone users and those who go online to use instant messaging have larger core networks. Mobile phone users, general internet users, and especially internet users who go online at home more than once per day, share digital photos online, or exchange instant messages have more non-kin in their core networks.

However, some internet activities are associated with having an even larger non-kin core networks. Is internet use leading to less face-to-face contact with our closest social ties or with local social ties? Whereas most studies of core social networks focus exclusively on face-to-face contact, this analysis looked at the many ways that people maintain social networks using communication media.

When those other kinds of interactions are taken into account, we find: In-person contact remains the dominant means of communication with core network members.

On average, there is face-to-face contact with each tie on out of days per year. Mobile phone use has replaced the landline telephone as the most frequently mediated form of communication — days per year.

New communication and information technology

Text messaging has tied the landline telephone as the third most popular means of contact between core ties — days per year. Cards and letters are the least frequent means of social contact — 8 letters or cards per year.

When available, other ICTs supplement these dominant modes of communication: Contrary to the assumption that internet use encourages social contact across vast distances, we found that many internet technologies are used as much for local contact as they are for distant communication.

In-person contact, landline telephones, mobile phones, and text messaging SMS are used most frequently for contact with local social ties.A collection of information resources designed to help enterprise IT professionals launch and advance their artificial intelligence, machine learning and automation initiatives.

Telephones also allow for instant communication, and new technology integrates video and Internet. Video of the Day The first telephones, as well as their modern counterparts, consist of a ringer, transmitter, dialer, switch hook, power source and anti-sidetone circuit, all of which have been advanced by new technology.

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