Oak trees importance to civilization writings essays

Other life forms including the human would have ceased to exist on this planet without the presence of trees. At the onset of human civilization, trees were worshipped as totems and regarded as sacred. The European Druids offered prayers to the oak trees, redwoods happened to be an integral component of the American Indian ritual, baobabs were a core element of the African tribal life, and the Chinese revered their ginkgos.

I have used the rituals translated in Collectanea, vol. Nevertheless, it includes parts that are deeply saturated with Western esotericism, particularly in the form of alchemy and, to a lesser extent, Kabbalah.

The ritual takes place in a lodge, called the Academy, and it is performed by three main officers, called Most Wise, [68] and Senior and Junior Sages, respectively. The Academy is illuminated by three candles placed on the tracing-board.

The dominant colors of the ritual are black, white, and red; the walls are draped in black, there should be white and red columns, the gloves and the cordons should be white, black, and red.

Nigredo, Albedo, and Rubedo. The Academy is opened in the ordinary fashion of Masonic rituals of initiation.

Oak trees importance to civilization writings essays

That is, the chief officer, in this case the Most Wise, asks the two Surveillants or Sages whether the lodge room is properly guarded and if all present are True Masons.

The Academy is then proclaimed opened, and one of the brethren, called Sage Academicians, is asked to give a lecture on a chosen subject.

Oak trees importance to civilization writings essays

It is then announced by the Senior Surveillant that a reception is to be made: The sleeves of his shirt are rolled up, his hands are tied behind his back, and finally he is blindfolded.

After the usual questions and knock on the door, the candidate is admitted to the lodge room where he is led to the West, facing the Most Wise in the East.

There is an "earthenware vessel, into which are poured wine spirits, mercury, and salt. These are to be lighted and furnish the only illumination on the academy. The candidate is then, in the customary fashion of Masonic rituals, led around the lodge.

These perambulations, which are three in number, are made in a circle, a square, and a triangle. When the perambulations are completed, the blindfold is removed, and the candidate is caused to see the earthen vessel with the fire. After four minutes, he is conducted to the foot of the throne of the Most Wise, and there caused to kneel.

The candidate then takes the obligation in this kneeling position. This obligation is a comparatively short and simple one: Of these secrets, perhaps the most significant are the sacred word and the password, Jehovah and Metralon, [74] respectively.

The Most Wise proceeds to present the candidate with the apron, gloves, and a wand. The candidate is led to the tracing-board, where he gives a discourse that he has prepared beforehand. When the candidate has finished his discourse, the Most Wise responds with a discourse ofhis own. This discourse begins by stating that the Degree of True Mason was created at the time when God brought order out of chaos, and that the degree includes the principles of all other degrees.

There have been many Adepts over the centuries, but some of them have been led astray. The profane who criticize that which they do not understand, "who are lacking a keen mind and industrious hand, The Most Wise continues by urging the brethren to abandon the profane, or "these off-springs of darkness" and enemies to their own hatred of their vain and inconsequential idea.

For us true children of light, and sincere friends of humanity, who see in those instructions and the practice, the clear announcement of truth, there will be at last the pleasures which result therefrom.

There is also an exhortation to follow in the footsteps of "that great man, whose presence is so dear and useful to us, and whose memory will always be precious to us". One plausible suggestion is that this refers to Hiram, or perhaps Christ.Charlotte Mew Chronology with mental, historical and geographical connections linking with her own words, and listing her essays, stories, poems and friends.

The Soil and Health Albert Howard. An Agricultural Testament by Sir Albert Howard, Oxford University Press, This is the book that started the organic farming and gardening revolution, the result of Howard's 25 years of research at Indore in India.

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Trees are an important part of every community. Our streets, parks, playgrounds and backyards are lined with trees that create a peaceful, aesthetically pleasing environment. Trees increase our quality of life by bringing natural elements and wildlife habitats into urban settings.

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