But if it is true that even in such horror tales there are degrees of ruthlessness, then few atrocities can compare in intensity and scale to the rape of Nanking during World War II. The broad details of the rape are, except among the Japanese, not in dispute. In Novemberafter their successful invasion of Shanghai, the Japanese launched a massive attack on the newly established capital of the Republic of China.
Alongside all the catastrophes that plagued Europe during World War II, the atrocities committed in Southeast Asia were every bit as disturbing -- even if most of us in the West hardly ever learn about them in school.
While Europe was struggling to hold off The rape of nanking Nazi war machine, China was fending off the Japanese invasion that first launched in late They fought hard, in the end losing as many as 20 million lives the second most of any country involved in the war to keep the Japanese Empire from conquering much of East Asia and the Pacific.
They were civilians, unarmed and defenseless, and many of them were put through unimaginable hell before they were killed.
Some of the worst of it occurred over the six weeks after the Japanese stormed into the Chinese capital of Nanking now known as Nanjing in December Among the invading army, nothing was forbidden and they believed that gave them strength.
They looted nearly every building they could find, stealing from the poor and the rich alike. They then slaughtered scores of people they happened upon.
Some victims of the Nanking Massacre were thrown into mass, unmarked graves; others were just left to rot in the sun. To the invading army, the Rape of Nanking was sometimes even a game. Japanese magazines bragged about a contest between two soldiers, Toshiaki Muaki and Tsuyoshi Noda, who had challenged one another in a race to see who could slaughter people with their swords first.
Noda admittedafter the war ended: They sometimes went door-to-door, dragging out women and even small children and violently gang-raping them.
They made these women suffer in the worst ways possible. Pregnant mothers were cut open and rape victims were sodomized with bamboo sticks and bayonets until they died in agony. McCallum, wrote in his diary.
We estimate at least 1, cases a night and many by day.
Each girl was raped six or seven times daily. So the soldiers rammed a stick up her. But she survived to come back. And to get to the gate I had to just climb over masses of bodies accumulated there The car just had to drive over these dead bodies.
The extent to which Japanese officials were aware of such atrocities during the Nanking Massacre has long been a matter of intense debate. For one, Japanese General Iwane Matsui, commander of the forces in China, claimed that he was unaware of mass crimes but nevertheless felt morally responsible.
Ultimately, he was convicted and executed for his part in the massacre after the war, since which time the Rape of Nanking has proved to be a most contentious issue.
The Legacy Of The Massacre By the time the worst of the Rape of Nanking had ended, an estimatedpeople were dead — mostly within a matter of weeks.
When Japanese soldiers and officials were tried and executed for war crimes just after World War II, the court found that at leasthad perished during the Rape of Nanking. However, death toll estimates vary widely with some ranging as low as 40, Moreover, intense controversy surrounds these estimates, reflecting just how divisive the "forgotten Holocaust," in the words of author Iris Chang, remains to this day.
Infor example, the Japanese Army Veterans Association conducted interviews with Japanese veterans present during the Nanking Massacre in an effort to refute reports of Japanese atrocities.
However, the organizers of the researchers were surprised to find that the veterans were forthcoming about the widespread atrocities and the official magazine of the Veterans Association was forced to run an apology for the Rape of Nanking instead: As those who are related to the prewar military, we simply apologize deeply to the people of China.
It was truly a regrettable act of barbarity. To this day, denials of the atrocities persist despite countless firsthand witnesses from France, the United States, Germany, and Japan.
The denials even persist despite photographs like the ones in the gallery above that make the truth of the Nanking Massacre disturbingly clear.Twentieth Century history is one of the most controversial subjects in the Japanese school curriculum, reports Mariko Oi.
The Making of the "Rape of Nanking": History and Memory in Japan, China, and the United States (Studies of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University). An estimated 20 million people died and millions more were subjugated and oppressed during Japan’s half-century of war and colonial expansion, which ended in Throughout its military campaign the Japanese army carried out an infamous “Three All” extermination policy “loot all, Continue reading →.
The Wuhan Gang & The Chungking Gang, i.e., the offsprings of the American missionaries, diplomats, military officers, 'revolutionaries' & Red Saboteurs and the "Old China Hands" of the s and the herald-runners of the Dixie Mission of the s.
The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
THE CHRONICLE OF humankind's cruelty is a long and sorry tale. But if it is true that even in such horror tales there are degrees of ruthlessness, then few atrocities can compare in intensity and.