To what extent is the turner thesis valid

Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two. Every generation moved further west and became more American, more democratic, and more intolerant of hierarchy.

Frederick Jackson Turner "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development. Turner was born in Portage, Wisconsin, in After his graduation from the University of Wisconsin inTurner decided to become a professional historian, and received his Ph.

The Turner Theses

He retired in but continued his research until his death in Census Bureau had announced the disappearance of a contiguous frontier line. Turner took this "closing of the frontier" as an opportunity to reflect upon the influence it had exercised. He argued that the frontier had meant that every American generation returned "to primitive conditions on a continually advancing frontier line.

Individuals, forced to rely on their own wits and strength, he believed, were simply too scornful of rank to be amenable to the exercise of centralized political power. Turner offered his frontier thesis as both an analysis of the past and a warning about the future. If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed?

It was on this forboding note that he closed his address: His critics have denied everything from his basic assumptions to the small details of his argument.

Some have long disputed the very idea of a frontier of "free land. On a more analytic level, an increasing number of Western historians have found the very concept of a frontier dubious, because it applies to too many disparate places and times to be useful.

To what extent is the turner thesis valid

How much do Puritan New England and the California of the transcontinental railroad really have in common? Many such critics have sought to replace the idea of a moving frontier with the idea of the West as a distinctive region, much like the American South.

Cooperation and communities of various sorts, not isolated individuals, made possible the absorption of the West into the United States. Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended kinship networks. Moreover, as the 19th century wore on, the role of the federal government and large corporations grew increasingly important.

Corporate investors headquartered in New York laid the railroads; government troops defeated Indian nations who refused to get out of the way of manifest destiny; even the cowboys, enshrined in popular mythology as rugged loners, were generally low-level employees of sometimes foreign-owned cattle corporations.

Moreover, these revisionist scholars argue, for many places the West has not been the land of freedom and opportunity that both Turnerian history and popular mythology would have us believe.

For many women, Asians, Mexicans who suddenly found themselves residents of the United States, and, of course, Indians, the West was no promised land.

Often the rhetoric reaches an acrimonious crescendo. But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to Turner and his legacy, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past.

The Turner Theses

In our understanding of what we are as a nation, if on no other level, the Western past continues to define us today.THESIS STATEMENTS A thesis statement is the main idea (topic) of an essay.

It is often a point you want to argue or support in an essay. It contains your opinion/attitude towards a topic. The thesis statement explains to a reader the main idea of the essay, and the writer’s opinion on that idea.

Apr 17,  · Which Criticism Of The Turner Thesis Seems Most Valid Some Thoughts on Frederick Jackson Turner and the Frontier Dr One of the most discussed ideas in American history, Frederick Jackson's Frontier Thesis continues to cause controversy and debates today.

in the broadest sense, they remain valid because the frontier experience in the Ohio Valley.

Frederick Jackson Turner | American historian |

The Frontier Thesis: Valid Interpretation of American History? (); the major attacks and defenses of Turner. Billington, Ray Allen. America's Frontier Heritage (), an analysis of Turner's theories in relation to social sciences and historiography; Billington, Ray Allen. Frederick Jackson Turner's thesis implies that Americans were able to move out westward and make better lives for themselves.

To what extent is the turner thesis valid

In "An Ex-Slave Recalls His Migration Across the Prairie, a former slave, the lowest possible status one can hold in society, named Bill Simms travels to Kansas along the buffalo trail. Frederick Jackson Turner ___Frederick Jackson Turner___ The Significance of the Frontier in American History A paper read at the meeting of the American Historical Association In the discussion of its extent, its westward movement, etc., it can not, therefore, any longer have a.

Sep 11,  · The thesis should belong in the introduction of the essay, your body paragraphs should all relate back to your thesis. The thesis is basically a statement that declares what y ou believe in.

How the Frontier Shaped the American Character